Materials and technologies for the sustainable Conservation and Fruition of Cultural Heritage
Casaletto Maria Pia, Caschera Daniela, Cavallini Massimiliano, Curulli Antonella, De Caro Tilde, Di Carlo Gabriella, Ferro Daniela, Ingo Gabriel Maria, Longo Alessandro, Mazzaglia Antonino, Mezzi Alessio, Padeletti Giuseppina, Testa Maria Luisa, Valle Francesco, Faraldi Federica, Giuliani Chiara.
Research activities of ISMN are focused on the knowledge and conservation of Cultural Heritage (CH) by means of nano-technologies and nano-sciences, especially for the:
- Advanced chemical, physical, morphological and structural characterization of the artifacts;
- Innovative synthesis and validation of low toxic and environmentally-friendly materials
- Development and implementation of sustainable conservation methods.
ISMN expertises in chemistry, materials science and nano-technologies applied to the CH field allow us to address a variety of issues concerning: (i) micro and nano-chemical, physical and morphological study of ancient artefacts (metals, glasses, ceramics, stones, mortars and paper) for the determination of their material composition, provenance, production processes and manufacturing technologies; (ii) assessment of the conservation state and study of chemical-physical phenomena at the micro and nano-scale for the identification of degradation agents and mechanisms ; (iii) design, synthesis and validation of new, long-lasting, reliable and non toxic materials and methods for conservation and their tailored application and validation.
The specific nature of the high value artifacts requires non-destructive and rarely - only when strictly necessary – micro-invasive treatments. Based on non-invasive or non-destructive analysis, data are processed in different ways in order to address problems of archaeometric interest (provenance studies, dating, technological expertise, exchange of knowledge and technologies and trade relations in the past) and conservation interest (monitoring of microclimate, storage environments and conditions, assessment and validation of innovative materials).
Research activities are also devoted to the identification and reconstruction of the ancient technologies for the production of CH artifacts.
The synthesis of innovative materials and products formulations has the protection of the environment and that of the health and safety of the restorer as its major targets, together with the preservation of CH items. In particular, sustainable nanostructured films and smart coatings for corrosion inhibition are developed, tested, optimized and validated.